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Factors affecting BIM implementation: evidence from countries with different income levels

Mohammad S. Al-Mohammad (Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, Malaysia)
Ahmad Tarmizi Haron (Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, Malaysia)
Muneera Esa (School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)
Mohammad Numan Aloko (Department of Civil Engineering, Kandahar University, Kandahar, Afghanistan)
Yasir Alhammadi (College of Engineering, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia)
K.S. Anandh (Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India)
Rahimi A. Rahman (Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, Malaysia and General Educational Department, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

Construction Innovation

ISSN: 1471-4175

Article publication date: 26 April 2022

Issue publication date: 14 April 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to empirically analyze the symmetries and asymmetries among the critical factors affecting building information modeling (BIM) implementation between countries with different income levels. To achieve that aim, the study objectives are to identify: critical factors affecting BIM implementation in low-, lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high-income countries; overlapping critical factors between countries with different income levels; and agreements on the critical factors between countries with different income levels.

Design/methodology/approach

This study identified potential BIM implementation factors using a systematic literature review and semi-structured interviews with architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) professionals. Then, the factors were inserted into a questionnaire survey and sent to AEC professionals in Afghanistan, India, Malaysia and Saudi Arabia. The collected data was analyzed using the following techniques and tests: mean, standard deviation, normalized value, Kruskal–Wallis, Dunn and Mann–Whitney.

Findings

Five critical factors overlap between all countries: “availability of guidelines for implementing BIM,” “cost-benefit of implementing BIM,” “stakeholders’ willingness to learn the BIM method,” “consistent views on BIM between stakeholders” and “existence of standard contracts on liability and risk allocation.” Also, the criticality of the factors often differs between income levels, especially between low- and high-income countries, suggesting a significant gap between low- and high-income countries in BIM implementation.

Originality/value

This study differs from prior works by empirically analyzing the symmetries and asymmetries in BIM implementation factors between countries with different income levels (i.e. low-, lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high-income countries).

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Universiti Malaysia Pahang [RDU1903147]. The authors would like to thank the editors and anonymous reviewers whose invaluable comments and suggestions substantially improved the paper’s quality. The authors are also thankful to the industry practitioners that participated in this work.

Citation

Al-Mohammad, M.S., Haron, A.T., Esa, M., Aloko, M.N., Alhammadi, Y., Anandh, K.S. and Rahman, R.A. (2023), "Factors affecting BIM implementation: evidence from countries with different income levels", Construction Innovation, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 683-710. https://doi.org/10.1108/CI-11-2021-0217

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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