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A deep learning-based approach to facilitate the as-built state recognition of indoor construction works

Biyanka Ekanayake (School of Built Environment, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Alireza Ahmadian Fard Fini (School of Built Environment, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Johnny Kwok Wai Wong (School of Built Environment, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Peter Smith (School of Built Environment, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia)

Construction Innovation

ISSN: 1471-4175

Article publication date: 20 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

Recognising the as-built state of construction elements is crucial for construction progress monitoring. Construction scholars have used computer vision-based algorithms to automate this process. Robust object recognition from indoor site images has been inhibited by technical challenges related to indoor objects, lighting conditions and camera positioning. Compared with traditional machine learning algorithms, one-stage detector deep learning (DL) algorithms can prioritise the inference speed, enable real-time accurate object detection and classification. This study aims to present a DL-based approach to facilitate the as-built state recognition of indoor construction works.

Design/methodology/approach

The one-stage DL-based approach was built upon YOLO version 4 (YOLOv4) algorithm using transfer learning with few hyperparameters customised and trained in the Google Colab virtual machine. The process of framing, insulation and drywall installation of indoor partitions was selected as the as-built scenario. For training, images were captured from two indoor sites with publicly available online images.

Findings

The DL model reported a best-trained weight with a mean average precision of 92% and an average loss of 0.83. Compared to previous studies, the automation level of this study is high due to the use of fixed time-lapse cameras for data collection and zero manual intervention from the pre-processing algorithms to enhance visual quality of indoor images.

Originality/value

This study extends the application of DL models for recognising as-built state of indoor construction works upon providing training images. Presenting a workflow on training DL models in a virtual machine platform by reducing the computational complexities associated with DL models is also materialised.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Mr. Benjamin Lunn, the Project coordinator at SQ Projects Pty Limited for his support during the site image data collection.

Citation

Ekanayake, B., Ahmadian Fard Fini, A., Wong, J.K.W. and Smith, P. (2022), "A deep learning-based approach to facilitate the as-built state recognition of indoor construction works", Construction Innovation, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/CI-05-2022-0121

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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