The purpose of this paper is to examine relationships between regulatory focus, job crafting, work engagement and perceived employability. Regulatory focus theory distinguishes between promotion-focused individuals, who strive for growth and development, and prevention-focussed individuals, who strive for security. Job crafting refers to changes that individuals make in their work to meet their own preferences and needs. It was expected that job crafting would mediate associations between promotion focus and work-related outcomes.
Questionnaires were collected among 383 registered candidates from a consultancy organization for recruitment, assessment and coaching that operates within the branches pharmacy, medical devices, food, and healthcare. Results were analyzed using structural equation modeling.
Crafting structural and social resources were positively related to work engagement and employability, whereas negative relationships were found for crafting hindering demands. Promotion focus was associated with crafting resources and challenging demands, while prevention focus was associated with crafting hindering demands. Job crafting also mediated some of the relationships between promotion focus, prevention focus and work outcomes.
This study provided insight into possible antecedents and outcomes of job crafting. Unfortunately, this study used a cross-sectional design.
These insights may help managers to encourage beneficial job crafting behaviors, while taking individuals’ foci into account.
This study has provided insight in the relationships between regulatory focus, job crafting, work engagement, and perceived employability.
The authors are grateful to Derks & Derks, a consultancy organization for recruitment, assessment and coaching, for giving us the opportunity to conduct research in their network of candidates.
Brenninkmeijer, V. and Hekkert-Koning, M. (2015), "To craft or not to craft: The relationships between regulatory focus, job crafting and work outcomes", Career Development International, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 147-162. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-12-2014-0162
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