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Personality and boredom at work: the mediating role of job crafting

Bogdan Oprea (Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania)
Dragos Iliescu (Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania)
Vlad Burtăverde (Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania)
Miruna Dumitrache (Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 13 August 2019

Issue publication date: 22 August 2019




Boredom at work is associated with negative consequences, therefore it is important to investigate whether employees engage in job crafting behaviors that reduce boredom and what are the individual differences associated with these behaviors. The paper aims to discuss these issues.


A questionnaire study was designed to examine the mediating role of job crafting in the relationship between conscientiousness and emotional stability and boredom among 252 employees (Study 1) and in the relationship between Machiavellianism and psychopathy and boredom among 216 employees (Study 2).


The results showed that conscientiousness is negatively related to work-related boredom. This relationship is mediated by job crafting. Neuroticism and psychopathy are positively associated with boredom at work, but these relationships are not mediated by job crafting behaviors.

Research limitations/implications

The study was based on self-reported measures, which might raise questions of common-method bias, and the research samples contained mostly women and young employees, which raises questions about generalizability of our findings. At the same time, the cross-sectional design does not allow causal inferences.

Practical implications

Organizations can select employees based on their personality for jobs that predispose to boredom and give them enough autonomy to be able to craft them. Moreover, they can identify employees who need support to manage their boredom and include them in job crafting interventions.


Traditionally, boredom at work has been considered as resulting from characteristics of tasks and jobs. The findings indicate that some employees can make self-initiated changes to their work in order to reduce their boredom and possibly its negative consequences.



Oprea, B., Iliescu, D., Burtăverde, V. and Dumitrache, M. (2019), "Personality and boredom at work: the mediating role of job crafting", Career Development International, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 315-330.



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