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Uncovering the antecedents and motivational determinants of job crafting

Huda Masood (College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas, USA)
Mark Podolsky (School of Human Resource Management, York University, Toronto, Canada)
Marie-Helene Budworth (School of Human Resource Management, York University, Toronto, Canada)
Stefan Karajovic (School of Human Resource Management, York University, Toronto, Canada)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 13 December 2022

Issue publication date: 31 January 2023

113

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this mixed-methods study is to examine the motivational determinants and contextual antecedents of individual job crafting behaviors.

Design/methodology/approach

The current research uses the mixed-methods design to elucidate the relationship between career outcome expectations and different forms of job crafting through external regulation. In Study 1, surveys were collected and analyzed from 151 employees across occupations and ranks using purposeful sampling approach. In Study 2, interview data were thematically analyzed to add complementarity and completeness to the findings.

Findings

In Study 1 (n = 151), a direct relationship between career outcome expectations and different forms of job crafting was established. Mediation analysis indicated an indirect relationship between career outcome expectations and approach crafting through external-social regulation. The authors found support for the accentuating role of turnover intentions on career outcome expectations and external social and material regulations. In Study 2 (n = 25), a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews confirmed that when employees experience unfulfilled career expectations, employees attempt to realign the work situations. Such expectations may be tied to various forms of work-related external regulations and may lead to job crafting behaviors. The individuals depicted these behaviors while experiencing turnover intentions.

Originality/value

The current study brings together literature from job design, motivation and careers to consider the role of career expectations and external regulation in predicting job crafting behaviors. Taken together, the findings unearth the cognitive and contextual antecedents of job crafting.

Keywords

Citation

Masood, H., Podolsky, M., Budworth, M.-H. and Karajovic, S. (2023), "Uncovering the antecedents and motivational determinants of job crafting", Career Development International, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 33-54. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-07-2022-0209

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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