Understanding intercultural dynamics

Leigh Anne Liu (Robinson College of Business, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)
Wendi L. Adair (Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada)
Dean Tjosvold (Research Center for Innovation and Strategic Human Resource Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang, China) (Lingnan University, Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
Elena Poliakova (Robinson College of Business, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)

Cross Cultural & Strategic Management

ISSN: 2059-5794

Publication date: 5 February 2018



The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview on the state of the field in intercultural dynamics on competition and cooperation at the individual, team, and organizational levels. The authors integrate previous studies from multiple disciplines to articulate the contextual importance of intercultural dynamics. The authors also suggest three overarching themes to expand the field of research on intercultural dynamics.


The authors use an integrative literature review to articulate the importance of intercultural dynamics, provide an introduction to the new contributions in this special issue, and propose new directions for future research.


Intercultural dynamics research has the potential to expand in three overarching areas: constructive controversy, collaborative communication, and global competency and identity at multiple levels.

Research limitations/implications

Intercultural dynamics is still a nascent field emerging from cross-cultural and strategic management. The authors hope the review lays the groundwork for more studies on intercultural dynamics at the interpersonal, team, organizational, and mixed levels of analysis in both theory building and empirical works.

Practical implications

Understanding intercultural dynamics in competition and cooperation can help individuals and managers in multinationals and born global organizations navigate cultural complexity and foster cooperation.

Social implications

The authors hope the ideas on intercultural dynamics can facilitate collaboration and reduce conflict in intercultural encounters at the individual, organization, and societal levels.


This paper offers an overview on the state of the field and lays groundwork for more systematic inquiries on intercultural dynamics in competition and cooperation.



Leigh Anne Liu, Wendi L. Adair, Dean Tjosvold and Elena Poliakova (2018) "Understanding intercultural dynamics", Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 2-31

Download as .RIS


: https://doi.org/10.1108/CCSM-11-2017-0151



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