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COVID-19, supply chain disruption and China’s hog market: a dynamic analysis

Yubin Wang (College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China)
Jingjing Wang (Department of Economics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA)
Xiaoyang Wang (Department of Economics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA)

China Agricultural Economic Review

ISSN: 1756-137X

Article publication date: 26 June 2020

Issue publication date: 20 August 2020

5059

Abstract

Purpose

The authors explicitly evaluate the dynamic impact of five most concerned supply chain disruption scenarios, including: (1) a short-term shortage and price jump of corn supply in hog farms; (2) a shortage of market hogs to packing facilities; (3) disruption in breeding stock adjustments; (4) disruption in pork import; and (5) a combination of scenario (1)–(4).

Design/methodology/approach

The agricultural supply chain experienced tremendous disruptions from the COVID-19 pandemic. To evaluate the impact of disruptions, the authors employ a system dynamics model of hog market to simulate and project the impact of COVID-19 on China hog production and pork consumption. In the model the authors explicitly characterize the cyclical pattern of hog market. The hog cycle model is calibrated using market data from 2018–2019 to represent the market situation during an ongoing African swine fever.

Findings

The authors find that the impacts of supply chain disruption are generally short-lived. Market hog transportation disruption has immediate impact on price and consumption. But the impact is smoothed out in six months. Delay in import shipment temporarily reduces consumption and raises hog price. A temporary increase of corn price or delay in breeding stock acquisition does not produce significant impact on national hog market as a whole, despite mass media coverage on certain severely affected regions.

Originality/value

This is the first evaluation of short-term supply chain disruption on China hog market from COVID-19. The authors employ a system dynamics model of hog markets with an international trade component. The model allows for monthly time step analysis and projection of the COVID-19 impact over a five-year period. The results and discussion have far-reaching implications for agricultural markets around the world.

Keywords

Citation

Wang, Y., Wang, J. and Wang, X. (2020), "COVID-19, supply chain disruption and China’s hog market: a dynamic analysis", China Agricultural Economic Review, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 427-443. https://doi.org/10.1108/CAER-04-2020-0053

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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