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Skilling the Indian youth: a State-level analysis

Piyali Ghosh (Indian Institute of Management Ranchi, Ranchi, India)
Geetika Goel (MNNIT Allahabad, Prayagraj, India)
Ankita Bhongade (Deloitte USI, Hyderabad, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 31 January 2022

Issue publication date: 29 November 2022




Market-driven skill development initiatives are essential in India as a large segment of its educated workforce is unemployed or unemployable, with little or no job skills. The “Skill India Mission” aims at endowing the youth with skills that can increase their employability and productivity in jobs. The success of the Mission depends on State-level initiatives in tandem with the Mission. This paper analyzes the impact of job offers extended to the youth of Jharkhand State as an outcome of State-level skill development initiatives. Its broad objective is to assist the Government in the delivery of skill-based training programs.


Data were collected through a structured questionnaire administered across various districts of Jharkhand to capture the perceptions of trainees and training centers. The final sample of 498 had attended training in apparel, retail, security, automotive, food and beverage service, IT/ITES, electronics and construction.


Statistical analysis reveals a significant increase in the economic status of trainees after joining jobs. Other findings include apathy toward migration, a mismatch between skills gained and jobs, and a dearth of qualified trainers.

Practical implications

The authors recommend counseling and attitudinal restructuring of the youth, designing multi-skill training programs and promoting entrepreneurial spirit. The authors also propose a stakeholder-based approach for curriculum development to fill the demand–supply gap of training and ensure better trainee retention. The Government could benefit by focusing the skilling programs on the career adaptability of trainees. Skill development and vocational education and training may not operate in silos. Training programs could be planned to be conducted jointly through ITIs and State-level training institutions under the Skill India Mission.


This research could increase the effectiveness of skill development initiatives across India, thereby improving the socioeconomic status of the youth thus trained. The authors emphasize developing a people-centric perspective in skilling, shifting attention from the existing industry-driven approach, to strike a balance between the demand and supply sides. This perspective can optimize skill development initiatives by reducing the gap between employment demand and skill development.



This study was funded by Jharkhand Skill Development Mission Society, Government of Jharkhand, India.


Ghosh, P., Goel, G. and Bhongade, A. (2022), "Skilling the Indian youth: a State-level analysis", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 29 No. 10, pp. 3379-3395.



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