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On-farm food safety knowledge, attitudes and self-reported practices of layer hen farmers

Kwanhatai Thongpalad (Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand)
John K.M. Kuwornu (Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand)
Avishek Datta (Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand)
Songkhla Chulakasian (National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok, Thailand)
Anil Kumar Anal (Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Publication date: 5 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of farmers regarding the on-farm food safety measures in the commercial layer farms in Thailand prior the implementation of the mandatory Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) standard.

Design/methodology/approach

The cross-sectional study was conducted through the face-to-face interview with a questionnaire in 143 GAP certified and 59 non-GAP certified farms. The levels of safety and quality measures implemented in farms were evaluated using a self-reported approach. Scoring system was applied to investigate the relationship between level of practices and its determining factors using the correlation test.

Findings

The layer hen farmers appeared to have an adequate level of knowledge on safety and quality measures; however, some misconception on recommended practices was still observed. The significant differences (p<0.001) in the regularity of practices adopted in farms were noticed between GAP and non-GAP groups. The GAP farmers have higher level of knowledge, and positive attitudes toward implementation. Only the weak positive relationships were found between all KAP variables which implied that there are other factors influencing the translation of knowledge and favorable attitudes into practices.

Originality/value

None of the on-farm food safety KAP report has been published in Thailand. This study highlights the gaps in the practices and issues needed to be focused by standard promoters for developing the knowledge translation programs aimed at enhancing the standard of layer farming.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express a great appreciation to the Ministry of Agricultural and Cooperatives, Thailand, for the scholarship to the first author to pursue Doctoral Degree at the Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand.

Citation

Thongpalad, K., Kuwornu, J.K.M., Datta, A., Chulakasian, S. and Anal, A.K. (2019), "On-farm food safety knowledge, attitudes and self-reported practices of layer hen farmers", British Food Journal, Vol. 121 No. 8, pp. 1912-1925. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-12-2018-0799

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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