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Perspectives on global fermented foods

Surabhi Soni (Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Solan, India)
Gargi Dey (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, India)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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1326

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to outline the present status of various fermented foods and beverages across the globe and reviews on the microbiology and therapeutic effects of fermented foods.

Design/methodology/approach

Fermented foods play an important socio-economic role in developing countries as well as making a major contribution to the nutrition requirements of natural populations. These foods have attracted attention all over the world as foods that might promote longevity. The approach is based on observations of online research with respect to fermented foods and their origins, analysis of research papers in journals and systematic research on the microbiology and health benefits of fermented products.

Findings

In general, traditional fermented foods produced with indigenous practices throughout the world are made under primitive conditions, which result in low yield and poor quality. But since, these foods are not only traditional but also functional foods. They are experiencing a burst of popularity as health foods worldwide. The raw materials traditionally used for fermentation are as diverse as: fruits, cereals, vegetables, milk, meat, and fish. It is possible to obtain a large variety of different food products by selecting different raw materials, starter cultures, and fermentation conditions.

Originality/value

The paper offers a holistic view that would guide a reader to identify various fermented products and enlighten them about their therapeutic properties.

Keywords

Citation

Soni, S. and Dey, G. (2014), "Perspectives on global fermented foods", British Food Journal, Vol. 116 No. 11, pp. 1767-1787. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-01-2014-0032

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited