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Does real exchange rate devaluation improve the current account balance of highly indebted low income countries?

Getaneh Mihret Ayele (College of Business and Economics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia)

African Journal of Economic and Management Studies

ISSN: 2040-0705

Article publication date: 28 February 2019

Issue publication date: 24 May 2019

285

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether real exchange rate devaluation improves the current account balance of four highly indebted low-income countries of East Africa.

Design/methodology/approach

The pooled mean group (PMG) approach is used for panel data from four countries over the period 1970–2016. The paper also applied bound testing and ARDL model for time-series data from individual sample countries.

Findings

The panel PMG/ARDL estimation result reveals that real exchange rate devaluation has no significant impact on the current account balance, both in the short and long run. However, the time-series analysis using the bound testing and restricted ARDL estimation suggests that real exchange rate devaluation improves the current account balance in the long run for only Ethiopia. The overall empirical results reveal that the current account balance would improve with the rising domestic income while it deteriorates with increasing foreign income and external indebtedness in the long run.

Originality/value

The paper is original.

Keywords

Citation

Ayele, G.M. (2019), "Does real exchange rate devaluation improve the current account balance of highly indebted low income countries?", African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 212-225. https://doi.org/10.1108/AJEMS-11-2017-0287

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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