The effects of flow separation on a lambda wing aerodynamics

Mehdi Dadkhah (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Mehran Masdari (Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Islamic Rebublic of Iran)
Mohammad Ali Vaziri (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Mojtaba Tahani (Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 1748-8842

Publication date: 24 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper, experimental and numerical results of a lambda wing have been compared. The purpose of this paper is to study the behaviour of lambda wings using a CFD tool and to consider different numerical models to obtain the most accurate results. As far as the consideration of numerical methods is concerned, the main focus is on the evaluation of computational methods for an accurate prediction of contingent leading edge vortices’ path and the flow separation occurring because of the burst of these vortices on the wing.

Design/methodology/approach

Experimental tests are performed in a closed-circuit wind tunnel at the Reynolds number of 6 × 105 and angles of attack (AOA) ranging from 0 to 10 degrees. Investigated turbulence models in this study are Reynolds Averaged Navior–Stokes (RANS) models in a steady state. To compare the accuracy of the turbulence models with respect to experimental results, sensitivity study of these models has been plotted in bar charts.

Findings

The results illustrate that the leading edge vortex on this lambda wing is unstable and disappears soon. The effect of this disappearance is obvious by an increase in local drag coefficient in the junction of inner and outer wings. Streamlines on the upper surface of the wing show that at AOA higher than 8 degrees, the absence of an intense leading edge vortex leads to a local flow separation on the outer wing and a reverse in the flow.

Research limitations/implications

Results obtained from the behaviour study of transition (TSS) turbulence model are more compatible with experimental findings. This model predicts the drag coefficient of the wing with the highest accuracy. Of all considered turbulence models, the Spalart model was not able to accurately predict the non-linearity of drag and pitching moment coefficients. Except for the TSS turbulence model, all other models are unable to predict the aerodynamic coefficients corresponding to AOA higher than 10 degrees.

Practical implications

The presented results in this paper include lift, drag and pitching moment coefficients in various AOA and also the distribution of aerodynamic coefficients along the span.

Originality/value

The presented results include lift, drag and pitching moment coefficients in various AOA and also aerodynamic coefficients distribution along the span.

Keywords

Citation

Dadkhah, M., Masdari, M., Vaziri, M. and Tahani, M. (2019), "The effects of flow separation on a lambda wing aerodynamics", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-12-2017-0271

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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