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Evaluation of corrosion resistance of coated steel strips embedded in mortar under chloride exposure

Shamsad Ahmad (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)
Mohammed M. Hussein Al-Tholaia (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 5 January 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was mainly to select one of the three types of coatings for protection of steel used as reinforcement in composite pipes (thin steel shell covered by cement-mortar) subjected to chloride exposure. To achieve this target, an attempt was made to develop a simple methodology for evaluating the performance of corrosion protection measures in terms of chloride threshold level (CTL) and corrosion initiation time (TI).

Design/methodology/approach

Bare, epoxy, red oxide and zinc primer-coated steel strips were embedded in cement mortar with sand/cement and water/cement ratios of 2 and 0.5 (by mass), respectively, to prepare the specimens which were exposed to chloride solution having a high concentration of 10 per cent NaCl. For determining the amounts of the water-soluble chloride diffused inside the specimens, powdered samples of mortar were collected from two different depths from the exposed surface of specimens on completion of each of the four different exposure times. The corrosion current densities were determined at two different stages. A step-by-step procedure for calculating CTL and TI using the measured chloride contents and corrosion current densities was established with the help of relevant information available in the literature.

Findings

Based on the comparison of the values of CTL and TI calculated for bare steel and steel with all three types of coatings, utilizing the experimental data and the proposed calculation procedure, the epoxy-coated steel was found to have the best performance.

Originality/value

This research has resulted into development of a simple methodology for evaluation of the performance of protective measures against corrosion of steel embedded in mortar or concrete exposed to chloride-bearing environment.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support received from Ameron Saudi Arabia, Ltd, to carry out this work. The logistical support of the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering and the Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is also acknowledged with appreciation.

Citation

Ahmad, S. and Al-Tholaia, M.M.H. (2015), "Evaluation of corrosion resistance of coated steel strips embedded in mortar under chloride exposure", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 62 No. 1, pp. 29-36. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-10-2013-1301

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited