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Complementary projector for null-space stiffness control of redundant assembly robot arm

Nikola Lukic (Department for Production Engineering, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia)
Petar B. Petrovic (Department for Production Engineering, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia)

Assembly Automation

ISSN: 0144-5154

Article publication date: 15 July 2019

Issue publication date: 3 October 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Stiffness control of redundant robot arm, aimed at using extra degrees of freedom (DoF) to shape the robot tool center point (TCP) elastomechanical behavior to be consistent with the essential requirements needed for a successful part mating process, i.e., to mimic part supporting mechanism with selective quasi-isotropic compliance (Remote Center of Compliance – RCC), with additional properties of inherent flexibility.

Design/methodology/approach

Theoretical analysis and synthesis of the complementary projector for null-space stiffness control of kinematically redundant robot arm. Practical feasibility of the proposed approach was proven by extensive computer simulations and physical experiments, based on commercially available 7 DoF SIA 10 F Yaskawa articulated robot arm, equipped with the open-architecture control system, system for generating excitation force, dedicated sensory system for displacement measurement and a system for real-time acquisition of sensory data.

Findings

Simulation experiments demonstrated convergence and stability of the proposed complementary projector. Physical experiments demonstrated that the proposed complementary projector can be implemented on the commercially available anthropomorphic redundant arm upgraded with open-architecture control system and that this projector has the capacity to efficiently affect the task-space TCP stiffness of the robot arm, with a satisfactory degree of consistency with the behavior obtained in the simulation experiments.

Originality/value

A novel complementary projector was synthesized based on the adopted objective function. Practical verification was conducted using computer simulations and physical experiments. For the needs of physical experiments, an adequate open-architecture control system was developed and upgraded through the implementation of the proposed complementary projector and an adequate system for generating excitation and measuring displacement of the robot TCP. Experiments demonstrated that the proposed complementary projector for null-space stiffness control is capable of producing the task-space TCP stiffness, which can satisfy the essential requirements needed for a successful part-mating process, thus allowing the redundant robot arm to mimic the RCC supporting mechanism behavior in a programmable manner.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research work is supported by the Serbian Ministry for Education, Science and Technology Development through the project titled Smart Robotics for Customized Manufacturing, grant no: TR35007.

Citation

Lukic, N. and Petrovic, P.B. (2019), "Complementary projector for null-space stiffness control of redundant assembly robot arm", Assembly Automation, Vol. 39 No. 4, pp. 696-714. https://doi.org/10.1108/AA-10-2018-0163

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited