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Islamic Versus Conventional Banking

New Developments in Islamic Economics

ISBN: 978-1-78756-284-4, eISBN: 978-1-78756-283-7

Publication date: 19 November 2018


Purpose – This research analyses the stability of a number of banks operating in Malaysia by using descriptive statistical analysis based on internal variables. These include the characteristics of the bank, capital adequacy ratio, ratio of profitability, liquidity ratio and the ratio of bank operations.

Methodology/approach – Each bank’s stability is studied using z-score analysis. Data are sourced from the balance sheets and income statements of the banks from 2000 to 2011.

Findings – The results indicate that characteristics of a bank do influence a bank’s performance. There are significant differences in financial ratios between Islamic and conventional banking. Islamic banks provide a lower loan loss of capital to cover impaired loans than conventional banks. This provides high capital based on the mean value obtained. The capital ratio allows both sets of banks to meet the capital adequacy ratio set by the Central Bank of Malaysia. Meanwhile, in profitability ratios, conventional banks have higher returns on higher assets, whereas Islamic Banking has higher returns on higher equity. Only 8 Islamic banks and 11 conventional banks are highly stable banking institutions in Malaysia.

Originality/value – Islamic and conventional banking systems in Malaysia need further improvement to deal with unexpected economics crises and increased competition between the two. Hence, Islamic banking must be refined, especially for improving their stability to attract more investments for further development and performance.




This article is funded by University Malaya Research Grant (UMRG): RP034C-17HNE Penetapan Piawai Pengambilan Risiko Pembiayaan Bagi Perbankan Islam Malaysia: Dasar Pengurusan Strategik, Kehematan Makro dan Kestabilan.


Sulaiman @ Mohamad, A.A., Mohamad, M.T. and Hashim, S.A. (2018), "Islamic Versus Conventional Banking", Rahman, A.A. (Ed.) New Developments in Islamic Economics, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 119-214.



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