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Cluster analysis for bank customers' selection of Islamic mortgages in Eastern Malaysia: An empirical investigation

Hanudin Amin (Labuan School of International Business and Finance, Universiti Malaysia Sabah – Kampus Antarabangsa Labuan, Labuan Federal Territory, Malaysia)
Mohamad Rizal Abdul Hamid (Labuan School of International Business and Finance, Universiti Malaysia Sabah – Kampus Antarabangsa Labuan, Labuan Federal Territory, Malaysia)
Suddin Lada (Labuan School of International Business and Finance, Universiti Malaysia Sabah – Kampus Antarabangsa Labuan, Labuan Federal Territory, Malaysia)
Ricardo Baba (Labuan School of International Business and Finance, Universiti Malaysia Sabah – Kampus Antarabangsa Labuan, Labuan Federal Territory, Malaysia)

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management

ISSN: 1753-8394

Article publication date: 28 August 2009

3211

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the reasons behind customers' selection of Islamic mortgage in Sabah, Malaysia and present factor and cluster analyses to identify the importance of choice criteria for Islamic mortgage selection. The choice criteria among Sabahans are investigated along with their gender, age group, religion, monthly income, and ethnicity.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 250 bank customers responded to a survey addressing the choice criteria for Islamic mortgage providers. It is important to address the criteria in order to make sure the service providers are able to come up with attractive package of Islamic home financing to their prospective customers. Of these, only 211 questionnaires are usable, which gives us a response rate of 84.4 percent. No extra efforts are conducted in order to increase the number of respondents. Non‐probability, convenience sampling is implemented. This paper uses a quantitative study similar to what employed by Lymperopoulos et al. and by Devlin. Frequencies, descriptive, factor and cluster analyses are used to analyze the data.

Findings

A cluster analysis indicates that bank customers can be divided into three clusters. Members of cluster 1 reported a tendency to select mortgage bank on the basis of “service provisions” while the members of cluster 2 reported a tendency to select mortgage bank on the basis of “elements of Shariah and Islamic principles.” While those of members in the cluster 3, almost entirely had lower mean scores as compared to other clusters. Nevertheless, the members of this cluster reported a greatest tendency to choose Islamic mortgage provider on the basis of “pricing.”

Research limitations/implications

The paper has addressed three limitations that provide opportunities for other researchers to explore them in depth in the future in the similar field of Islamic home financing. The limitations are presented in the conclusion's part.

Practical implications

With regard to implications, this paper offers inputs for management decision among Islamic mortgage providers (i.e. Islamic banking institutions such as full‐fledged Islamic banks, conventional banks with Islamic windows and conventional banks with Islamic subsidiaries). In addition, this paper adds to the literature in the area of home loans/financing.

Originality/value

This paper offers the choice criteria for Islamic mortgage providers provides useful information on the Islamic mortgage providers' selection among Sabahans. This paper indeed provides useful information on the main choice criteria that affect why Sabahan choose Islamic mortgage providers.

Keywords

Citation

Amin, H., Rizal Abdul Hamid, M., Lada, S. and Baba, R. (2009), "Cluster analysis for bank customers' selection of Islamic mortgages in Eastern Malaysia: An empirical investigation", International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 213-234. https://doi.org/10.1108/17538390910986344

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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