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Economic‐emission unit commitment solution for wind integrated hybrid system

Yajvender Pal Verma (Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering at University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India)
Ashwani Kumar (Department of Electrical Engineering at National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 28 June 2011




With the inclusion of significant wind power into the power system, the unit commitment (UC) has become challenging due to frequent variations in wind power, load and requirement of reserves with sufficient ramp rate. The pumped storage units with lesser startup time and cost can take care of these sudden variations and reduce their impact on power system operation. The aim of this paper is to provide a solution model for UC problem in a hybrid power system.


The model developed has been implemented through GAMS optimization tool with CONOPT solver. The model has been called into MATLAB platform by using GAMS‐MATLAB interfacing to obtain solutions.


The model provides an efficient operating schedule for conventional units and pumped storage units to minimize operating cost and emission. The effects of wind power and load profiles on emission, operating cost and reserve with enough ramping capabilities have been minimized with the use of pumped storage unit. The commitment schedule of thermal and pumped storage units have been obtained with significant wind power integrated into the system for best cost commitment (BCC) and for a combined objective of cost and emission minimization.


This paper finds that the operating cost and emission in a commitment problem can be reduced significantly during variable wind and load conditions in a hybrid system. The model proposed provides operational schedules of conventional and pumped storage units with variable wind power and load conditions throughout operating horizon. The coordinated optimization approach has been implemented on a hybrid system with IEEE‐30 bus system.



Pal Verma, Y. and Kumar, A. (2011), "Economic‐emission unit commitment solution for wind integrated hybrid system", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 287-305.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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