To read this content please select one of the options below:

Organizational characteristics fostering intellectual capital in Canada and the Middle East

Jamal A. Nazari (Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada, and Bissett School of Business, Mount Royal College, Calgary, Canada)
Irene M. Herremans (Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada)
Robert G. Isaac (Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada)
Armond Manassian (Olayan School of Business, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon)
Theresa J. Kline (Faculty of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 16 January 2009




This study sets out to examine how organizational characteristics are related to intellectual capital and how these variables are different between Canadian and Middle East contexts.


A questionnaire was developed to measure the four major study constructs, i.e. intellectual capital, culture, climate, and organizational traits. Each of these constructs was represented by a number of subscales that were subjected to ANOVA and correlations to test the hypotheses.


The analysis showed that all three categories of characteristics (culture, climate, and other traits) are significantly correlated with IC management. The results also indicated significant differences in all organizational characteristics and IC management between Canada and the Middle East.

Research limitations/implications

Culture, climate, and other traits are important enablers for the effective management of IC. Although the research tested three culture variables, four climate variables, and two other traits, future research should investigate these variables and the interactions among them more thoroughly.

Practical implications

The results have implications for organizations operating in different international contexts. Managers can use the results for more effective and efficient management of organizational characteristics that would foster IC management.


The research provides a comprehensive study of enablers of effective IC management, an area of study that has not received much attention in the past. It also provides insight as to why effective IC management may be more successful in certain countries.



Nazari, J.A., Herremans, I.M., Isaac, R.G., Manassian, A. and Kline, T.J. (2009), "Organizational characteristics fostering intellectual capital in Canada and the Middle East", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 135-148.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Related articles