The impact of ERP implementation on organizational capabilities and firm performance

Hassan R. HassabElnaby (College of Business and Innovation, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA)
Woosang Hwang (College of Business and Innovation, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA)
Mark A. Vonderembse (College of Business and Innovation, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Publication date: 6 July 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the implementation of ERP impacts both business strategy and organizational capabilities which in turn enhance firm performance. Specifically, the paper investigates the mediating effect of business strategy and organizational capabilities on the relationship between ERP implementation and firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Using secondary data collected from more than 400 firms, this study tests the relationships among these variables.

Findings

ERP implementation has a positive impact when a firm employs a prospector business strategy. A prospector business strategy enhances the firm's ability to achieve organizational capabilities and enables the firm to achieve higher levels of financial performance.

Practical implications

ERP implementation encourages and supports a prospector strategy. ERP not only supports cost control, but also supports new product development and introductions. The prospector firm seeks better information to support decision making, develop new and innovative products that drive revenue growth, and build efficient and effective operations that enhance return on assets.

Originality/value

This paper reports the mediating effect of business strategy and organizational capabilities on the relationship between ERP implementation and firm performance. This study uses cybernetic control, resource‐based view of firm, and dynamic capabilities theories to develop and integrate this research.

Keywords

Citation

Hassan R. HassabElnaby, Woosang Hwang and Mark A. Vonderembse (2012) "The impact of ERP implementation on organizational capabilities and firm performance", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 19 No. 4/5, pp. 618-633

Download as .RIS

DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/14635771211258043

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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