Implementation of the FATF 40+9 Recommendations

Neil Jensen (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia)
Cheong‐Ann Png (Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines)

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Publication date: 10 May 2011



This paper aims to examine the extent to which the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 40+9 Recommendations have been implemented by developing countries from the Asia‐Pacific region and the issues pertaining to these countries.


The paper uses the compliance ratings from published reports of assessments/mutual evaluations for these countries between 2004 and 2010 and makes comparisons with the ratings for FATF countries for that period.


These developing countries have demonstrated positive developments in addressing anti‐money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) requirements and having their level of compliance evaluated through the rigorous process of assessment/mutual evaluation. Nonetheless, the general level of compliance is quite limited, not least when compared with FATF countries. This may be due to complexities of the FATF 40+9 Recommendations, challenges in prioritizing AML/CFT development amidst other national priorities and general limited capacity in these countries. An appreciation of the challenges faced by these countries is essential in the formulation and implementation of AML/CFT measures for these countries.


This paper considers implementation of international standards for AML/CFT from the perspective of developing countries, which is an important contribution given the needs and peculiarities of these countries.



Jensen, N. and Png, C. (2011), "Implementation of the FATF 40+9 Recommendations", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 110-120.

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