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Towards a model of work engagement

Arnold B. Bakker (Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Evangelia Demerouti (Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Publication date: 9 May 2008

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide an overview of the recently introduced concept of work engagement.

Design/methodology/approach

Qualitative and quantitative studies on work engagement are reviewed to uncover the manifestation of engagement, and reveal its antecedents and consequences.

Findings

Work engagement can be defined as a state including vigor, dedication, and absorption. Job and personal resources are the main predictors of engagement; these resources gain their salience in the context of high job demands. Engaged workers are more creative, more productive, and more willing to go the extra mile.

Originality/value

The findings of previous studies are integrated in an overall model that can be used to develop work engagement and advance career development in today's workplace.

Keywords

Citation

Bakker, A.B. and Demerouti, E. (2008), "Towards a model of work engagement", Career Development International, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 209-223. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430810870476

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited