Toward enriching united career theory: familial entrepreneurship and copreneurship

Anne de Bruin (Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand)
Kate Lewis (Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Publication date: 1 December 2004


This paper explores the overlapping domains of business/firm and family. Suggests that the descriptor of “joint careers” is preferable to that of symbiotic careers. Describes what we term the primary career and auxiliary career which often go to make up a joint career. Both strands of career are a prerequisite for the resilience and success of the family business. The example of youth entrepreneurship is dealt with to show the possibility of an inversion of the traditional roles with the parents’ career becoming ancillary to that of their offspring. Empirical observations from New Zealand are drawn on to illustrate our discussion. It is hoped that ideas discussed in this paper will aid the understandings of further dimensions and properties of the “thread” of the theory of the boundaryless career and help move forward the research agenda on the united career trajectory.



de Bruin, A. and Lewis, K. (2004), "Toward enriching united career theory: familial entrepreneurship and copreneurship", Career Development International, Vol. 9 No. 7, pp. 638-646.

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Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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