The effects of positive and negative ad‐evoked associations on brand attitude

Sandra Praxmarer (School of Management and Marketing, Marketing Research Innovation Centre, University of Wollongong, Australia)
Heribert Gierl (Department of Marketing, University of Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany)

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics

ISSN: 1355-5855

Publication date: 2 October 2009

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to research on the cognitive capacity theory. The paper aims to examine the effects of advertising recipients' positive and negative associations, that is their memories and fantasies evoked by the advertising stimulus, on brand attitude for advertisements that require little effort to process; focusing on positively framed advertisements.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper suggests a model on the effects of positive and negative association on brand attitude and tests it using partial least square. Advertisements that are easy to process were selected in a pre‐test.

Findings

It is shown that if advertisements are easy to process, the effects of consumers' associations depend on their favourableness: positive associations have a positive effect and negative associations have a negative effect on brand attitude. These findings are an extension of knowledge on the effects of associations, because for informational advertisements previous research has demonstrated that associations generally have a negative effect on brand attitude.

Practical implications

Results of this study suggest that evoking positive memories and fantasies in the target group enhances the effectiveness of advertisements that require little effort to process.

Originality/value

Effects of associations on brand attitude have not been studied for advertisements that require little effort to process. Previous studies have not distinguished positive and negative associations; this study analyses their effects separately.

Keywords

Citation

Praxmarer, S. and Gierl, H. (2009), "The effects of positive and negative ad‐evoked associations on brand attitude", Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 507-520. https://doi.org/10.1108/13555850910997562

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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