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Development of new rapid prototyping process

Marlon Wesley Machado Cunico (University of São Paulo, São Carlos, Brazil)
Carlos Marcus Gomes da Silva Cruz (Federal University of Technology – Parana´ (UTFPR), Curitiba, Brazil)
Miriam Machado Cunico (Concep3D Pesquisas Cientificas Ltda, Curitiba, Brazil)
Neri Volpato (Federal University of Technology – Parana´ (UTFPR), Curitiba, Brazil)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 8 March 2011



The purpose of this paper is to identify the key elements of a new rapid prototyping process, which involves layer‐by‐layer deposition of liquid‐state material and at the same time using an ultraviolet line source to cure the deposited material. This paper reports studies about the behaviour of filaments, deposition accuracy, filaments interaction and functional feasibility of system. Additionally, the author describes the process which has been proposed, the equipment that has been used for these studies and the material which was developed in this application.


The research has been separated into three study areas in accordance with their goals. In the first, both the behaviour of filament and deposition accuracy was studied. The design of the experiment is described with focus on four response factors (bead width, filament quality, deposition accuracy and deposition continuity) along with function of three control factors (deposition height, deposition velocity and extrusion velocity). The author also studied the interaction between filaments as a function of bead centre distance. In addition, two test samples were prepared to serve as a proof of the methodology and to verify the functional feasibility of the process which has been studied.


The results show that the proposed process is functionally feasible, and that it is possible to identify the main effects of control factors over response factors. That analysis is used to predict the condition of process as a function of the parameters which control the process. Also identified were distances of centre beads which result in a specific behaviour. The types of interaction between filaments were analysed and sorted into: union, separation and indeterminate. At the end, the functional feasibility of process was proved whereby two test parts could be built.


This paper proposes a new rapid prototyping process and also presents test studies related to this proposition. The author has focused on the filament behaviour, deposition accuracy, interaction between filaments and studied the functional feasibility of process to provide new information about this process, which at the same time is useful to the development of other rapid prototyping processes.



Wesley Machado Cunico, M., Marcus Gomes da Silva Cruz, C., Machado Cunico, M. and Volpato, N. (2011), "Development of new rapid prototyping process", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 138-147.



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