Pupil autonomy, empowerment and clarity of school rules are factors underpied that the schools subscribed to different philosophies regarding pupil management. One school was largely authoritarian in its approach and the other was overly lenient. This paper emphasises the importance of furthering democratic principles of pupil participation within the context of clear rules and boundaries.
Gordon, J. and Turner, K.M. (2004), "The empowerment principle: casualties of two schools' failure to grasp the nettle", Health Education, Vol. 104 No. 4, pp. 226-240. https://doi.org/10.1108/09654280410546727
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