The artificial compressibility method is used to analyze internal flows in rotating ducts having strong curvature. This study was concerned with the laminar flow of an incompressible Newtonian fluid having constant viscosity in circular and square ducts with a 908 bend. The emphasis of the present simulation is to determine the effect of rotation and through‐flow rate on the fluid physics and friction characteristics in the straight channel and in the curved geometric regions. The Reynolds numbers ranged from 100 to 790 and the Rossby numbers from 0 to 0.4. Coriolis forces arising from rotation produce a non‐symmetric secondary flow in the bend that increases the loss coefficient as compared with the values for non‐rotation. In addition, the wall friction losses in the straight outlet section are increased, and both effects are directly proportional to the Rossby number.
Papa, F., Vaidyanathan, K., Keith, T.G. and DeWitt, K.J. (2000), "Numerical computations of flow in rotating ducts with strong curvature", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 10 No. 5, pp. 541-557. https://doi.org/10.1108/09615530010338213
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