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Hydromagnetic combined heat and mass transfer by natural convection from a permeable surface embedded in a fluid‐saturated porous medium

Ali J. Chamkha (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait)
Abdul‐Rahim A. Khaled (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 1 August 2000

Abstract

The problem of coupled heat and mass transfer by natural convection from a vertical, semi‐infinite flat plate embedded in a porous medium in the presence of an external magnetic field and internal heat generation or absorption effects is formulated. The plate surface is maintained at either constant temperature or constant heat flux and is permeable to allow for possible fluid wall suction or blowing. The resulting governing equations are non‐dimensionalized and transformed using a non‐similarity transformation and then solved numerically by an implicit, iterative, finite‐difference scheme. Comparisons with previously published work are performed and excellent agreement is obtained. Useful correlations containing the various physical parameters for both isothermal and isoflux wall conditions are reported. A parametric study of all involved parameters is conducted and a representative set of numerical results for the velocity, temperature and concentration profiles as well as the skin‐friction parameter, Nusselt number, and the Sherwood number is illustrated graphically to show typical trends of the solutions.

Keywords

Citation

Chamkha, A.J. and Khaled, A.A. (2000), "Hydromagnetic combined heat and mass transfer by natural convection from a permeable surface embedded in a fluid‐saturated porous medium", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 10 No. 5, pp. 455-477. https://doi.org/10.1108/09615530010338097

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

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