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Finite element analyses and lifetime predictions for SnAgCu solder interconnections in thermal shock tests

Jue Li (Department of Electronics, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, Espoo, Finland)
Hongbo Xu (Department of Electronics, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, Espoo, Finland)
Jussi Hokka (Department of Electronics, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, Espoo, Finland)
Toni T. Mattila (Department of Electronics, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, Espoo, Finland)
Hongtao Chen (Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen, China)
Mervi Paulasto‐Kröckel (Department of Electronics, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, Espoo, Finland)

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology

ISSN: 0954-0911

Article publication date: 28 June 2011

458

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the reliability of SnAgCu solder interconnections under different thermal shock (TS) loading conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

The finite element method was employed to study the thermomechanical responses of solder interconnections in TS tests. The stress‐strain analysis was carried out to study the differences between different loading conditions. Crack growth correlations and lifetime predictions were performed.

Findings

New crack growth data and correlation constants for the lifetime prediction model are given. The predicted lifetimes are consistent with the experimental results. The simulation and experimental results indicate that among all the loading conditions studied the TS test with a 14‐min cycle time leads to the earliest failure of the ball‐grid array (BGA) components.

Originality/value

The paper presents new crack growth correlation data and the constants of the lifetime prediction models for SnAgCu solder interconnections, as well as for the BGA components. The paper adds insight into the thermomechanical reliability evaluation of SnAgCu solder interconnections.

Keywords

Citation

Li, J., Xu, H., Hokka, J., Mattila, T.T., Chen, H. and Paulasto‐Kröckel, M. (2011), "Finite element analyses and lifetime predictions for SnAgCu solder interconnections in thermal shock tests", Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 161-167. https://doi.org/10.1108/09540911111146917

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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