This study, completed in 1990 shortly before the Iraqi invasion, analyses some of the organizational and psychological determinants of employee turnover in Kuwait. The study is based on a sample size of 190 full‐time employees taken from governmental, private and shared sector organizations. A statistical analysis of the data indicates that organizational factors have a much more direct effect on the employee turnover rate than psychological factors. In addition, job characteristics, patterns of leadership and job motivation were the strongest predictors of voluntary job termination (employee turnover).
Al‐Refaei, Y.S.Y. and Omran, K.A.M. (1992), "Organizational and Psychological Determinants of Employee Turnover in Kuwait", International Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 5 No. 5. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513559210019389
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