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Constraints on the effectiveness of schools and their principals

Donna M. Smith (Principal of S. Bruce Smith Junior High School in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.)
Edward A. Holdaway (Professor of Educational Administration at the University of Alberta, Canada.)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 1 October 1995



Explores the perceptions of junior high‐school principals about constraints on their leadership effectiveness and the overall effectiveness of their schools. Data were collected in Alberta, Canada, using a questionnaire completed by 87 per cent of the 108 junior high principals and an interview conducted with ten principals. The most frequently listed constraints on leadership effectiveness were inadequate funding, time taken dealing with problem students, and inadequate physical facilities, while the most frequently listed constraints on school effectiveness were financial support by the province, financial support by the school system, and ineffective provincial leadership. Different perceptions of constraints on effectiveness were associated with selected demographic variables including the number of years served as principal and the number of years the school had been in operation. Several constraint‐resolution strategies were recommended by respondents, including redistribution of budget allocations.



Smith, D.M. and Holdaway, E.A. (1995), "Constraints on the effectiveness of schools and their principals", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 9 No. 5, pp. 31-39.




Copyright © 1995, MCB UP Limited

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