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Customer satisfaction in the restaurant industry: an examination of the transaction‐specific model

Syed Saad Andaleeb (Sam and Irene Black School of Business, Penn State Erie, The Behrend College, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA)
Carolyn Conway (Sam and Irene Black School of Business, Penn State Erie, The Behrend College, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA)

Journal of Services Marketing

ISSN: 0887-6045

Article publication date: 1 January 2006

38788

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the factors that explain customer satisfaction in the full service restaurant industry.

Design/methodology/approach

Secondary research and qualitative interviews were used to build the model of customer satisfaction. A structured questionnaire was employed to gather data and test the model. Sampling involved a random selection of addresses from the telephone book and was supplemented by respondents selected on the basis of judgment sampling. Factor analysis and multiple regression were used to test the model.

Findings

The regression model suggested that customer satisfaction was influenced most by responsiveness of the frontline employees, followed by price and food quality (in that order). Physical design and appearance of the restaurant did not have a significant effect.

Research limitations/implications

To explain customer satisfaction better, it may be important to look at additional factors or seek better measures of the constructs. For example, the measures of food quality may not have captured the complexity and variety of this construct. It may also be important to address the issue of why customers visit restaurants. Instead of the meal, business transactions or enjoying the cherished company of others may be more important. Under the circumstances, customer satisfaction factors may be different. The results are also not generalizable as the sampled area may have different requirements from restaurants.

Practical implications

Full service restaurants should focus on three elements – service quality (responsiveness), price, and food quality (reliability) – if customer satisfaction is to be treated as a strategic variable.

Originality/value

The study tests the transaction‐specific model and enhances the literature on restaurant service management.

Keywords

Citation

Saad Andaleeb, S. and Conway, C. (2006), "Customer satisfaction in the restaurant industry: an examination of the transaction‐specific model", Journal of Services Marketing, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 3-11. https://doi.org/10.1108/08876040610646536

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2006, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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