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The impact of relationship quality on attitude toward a sponsor

Yu Kyoum Kim (Department of Sport Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA)
Yong Jae Ko (Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sports Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA)
Jeffery James (Department of Sport Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA)

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing

ISSN: 0885-8624

Article publication date: 11 October 2011




The purpose of the current study is to advance understanding of sponsorship effectiveness by investigating the impact of the quality of the relationship between a consumer and a sport property on sponsorship effectiveness.


A model was developed to examine linkages among relationship quality, sincerity, attitude toward sponsor and intention to purchase a sponsor's product. The measurement model was tested using confirmatory factory analysis. The relationships in the hypothesized model were tested using simultaneous equations.


The results indicate that positive attitude toward a sponsor and intention to purchase said sponsor's product(s) are more likely to occur among the customers who perceive a higher degree of relationship quality with the sport property and believe the sponsor motives are sincere.

Research limitations/implications

A conceptual model of sponsorship effectiveness was developed and empirically tested. The tested model provides an expanded view of relationship quality and its impact on key variables of sponsorship effectiveness.

Practical implications

Provided in this study is a framework for both sponsors and sport teams that can be used to understand some of the ways in which sponsorship works. The findings suggest that sponsors should leverage their activities to communicate sincere motives, not just “doing business”. For the sport property, the implication is developing quality relationships with consumers, and being able to promote such relationships to prospective sponsors.


Relationship quality has been previously shown to influence various behavioral aspects related to partners in business‐to‐business relationships. This study extends the literature by examining the effect of business‐to‐consumer relationship quality on the expected outcomes associated with a business‐to‐business relationship.



Kyoum Kim, Y., Jae Ko, Y. and James, J. (2011), "The impact of relationship quality on attitude toward a sponsor", Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, Vol. 26 No. 8, pp. 566-576.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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