In order to resolve the problems of water shortage in China, one should consider the integration of irrigation projects, water conservation and economical utilisation of water. Irrigation projects mean exploiting water resources. To transport water from rivers beyond their own flowing reaches, it is necessary to prove its applicability before undertaking construction work. Sinking wells can be done only in areas with a plentiful amount of groundwater. Reservoirs also should be constructed only in areas with sufficient water resources and where less arable land has to be irrigated. Water conservation is connected closely with afforestation or protection of forests as well as protection from industrial pollution. Economic utilisation of water resources includes using water wisely to grow crops, and economising on its use in industry and for domestic purposes.
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