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Attaining the Millennium Development Goals: the role of macroeconomic policies

Anis Chowdhury (University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Iyanatul Islam (International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Publication date: 18 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on the role of macroeconomic policy‐mix in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially the goal of poverty reduction.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper employs descriptive approach and provides an analytical narrative of historical experience.

Findings

It is argued that macroeconomic policy‐mixes pursued by many developing countries as part of conditions to receive support from international financial institutions and the donor community have been largely restrictive. They have failed, in most cases, to generate high enough growth to have significant impacts on poverty reduction. The poverty reducing impact of growth has also been weakened by the rise in inequality due to associated policy reforms promoting market liberalization and deregulation.

Practical implications

The paper argues in favor of using full and productive employment, which is one of the core MDGs, as the goal of macroeconomic policies.

Originality/value

The paper argues that there should be refocusing of macroeconomic policies to align with MDGs.

Keywords

Citation

Chowdhury, A. and Islam, I. (2011), "Attaining the Millennium Development Goals: the role of macroeconomic policies", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 38 No. 12, pp. 930-952. https://doi.org/10.1108/03068291111176301

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited