The purpose of this paper is to develop initial conceptualizations on two types of Chinese multinational corporations (MNCs), that is, state‐ and privated‐owned MNCs, in terms of internationalization motivation, entry strategy, and managerial capabilities.
This is a conceptual paper. Existing case studies are cited as illustrations.
Compared to Chinese private MNCs, state MNCs are more likely to be driven by internationalization motives that are not based on economic rationality, to adopt an integrated entry strategy, but less likely to contain dynamic capabilities necessary for competing internationally. In the short run, Chinese private MNCs should outperform their state counterparts, which however does not necessarily translate into better survival rate.
The conceptualizations advanced in this paper should be tested empirically in future studies.
Given the differences between state and private Chinese MNCs, it would be a mistake for Western governments and the private sector to treat all Chinese MNCs as equals. Particularly, the concern about the private Chinese firms should place more emphasis on their capabilities to compete and collaborate as autonomous economic entities.
While much research attention has been given to “Chinese MNCs,” the author makes a distinction between state versus private MNCs from China and compares the two types with regards to internationalization motives, entry strategy, managerial capabilities, and performance potentials.
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