Distractions and motor vehicle accidents

Wen‐Shuan Tseng (Graduate Division of Business and Management, Department of Information Technology, Johns Hopkins University, Rockville, Maryland, USA)
Hang Nguyen (Graduate Division of Business and Management, Department of Information Technology, Johns Hopkins University, Rockville, Maryland, USA)
Jay Liebowitz (Graduate Division of Business and Management, Department of Information Technology, Johns Hopkins University, Rockville, Maryland, USA)
William Agresti (Graduate Division of Business and Management, Department of Information Technology, Johns Hopkins University, Rockville, Maryland, USA)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Publication date: 1 December 2005

Abstract

Purpose

This research applies data mining techniques to discover the relationship between driver inattention and motor vehicle accidents.

Design/methodology/approach

The data used in this research is obtained from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, focused on the Maryland and Washington, DC area from years 2000 to 2003. The data are first clustered using the Kohonen networks. Then, the patterns and rules of the data are explored by decision tree and neural network models.

Findings

Results suggests that when inattention and physical/mental conditions take place at the same time, the driver has a higher tendency of being involved in a crash that collides into static objects. Furthermore, with regards to the manner of collision, the relative importance of colliding into a moving vehicle as the first harmful event is two times higher relative to that of colliding into a fixed object as the first harmful event in a crash.

Research limitations/implications

The data used in this research are limited to fatal crashes that happened in Maryland and Washington, DC from years 2000 to 2003.

Originality/value

This is one of the first research papers utilizing data mining techniques to explore the possible relationships between driver inattention and motor vehicle crashes.

Keywords

Citation

Tseng, W., Nguyen, H., Liebowitz, J. and Agresti, W. (2005), "Distractions and motor vehicle accidents", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 105 No. 9, pp. 1188-1205. https://doi.org/10.1108/02635570510633257

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.