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Age cohort effects, gender, and Romanian leadership preferences

Erich C. Fein (School of Management, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia)
Aharon Tziner (Schools of Behavioral Sciences and Business Administration, Netanya University College, Netanya, Israel)
Cristinel Vasiliu (Faculty of Commerce, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania)

Journal of Management Development

ISSN: 0262-1711

Article publication date: 13 April 2010




This study aims to examine preferences for both transformational and transactional leadership behavior for gender‐ and age‐based cohort differences. The purpose of this research is to enhance leadership and organizational change initiatives in Romania via the identification of age cohort and gender effects with respect to attitudes towards common leadership behaviors.


The research is conducted via a survey through the administration of questionnaires. The sample consists of 324 managers from commercial and service organizations in Romania, a country in which this issue has not previously been investigated.


The findings reveal that there are differences in preferences for leadership behavior based on age cohorts that reached maturity before or after the fall of Ceauşescu during the 1989 revolution. Also, female participants displayed a greater preference for transformational leadership behaviors relative to transactional leadership behaviors.


This is the first study to examine the effects of leadership preference based on age cohorts in Romania. The study also is one of the first to empirically examine the effects of age cohorts on leadership after the fall of communism in Eastern Europe. As such, these findings offer guidance in the development and implementation of leadership development initiatives and change management interventions for organizations operating in Romania, and present one example of cohort‐based and leadership‐specific attitude change in a country that is transitioning from communism to a free market system.



Fein, E.C., Tziner, A. and Vasiliu, C. (2010), "Age cohort effects, gender, and Romanian leadership preferences", Journal of Management Development, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 364-376.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2010, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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