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Knitted switches for smart clothing using double electrode technology

Manuchehr Soleimani (William Lee Innovation Centre (WLIC), Textiles and Paper, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 27 June 2008




Electronic textiles are a major new development in the field of smart technology. There are many potential applications for electrically active textiles (EAT). The purpose of this paper is to present state‐of‐the‐art knitted switches based on EAT technology.


The switches operate with double electrodes, and they are designed to be operated by a human finger, with or without a glove. In this study, these switches were manufactured based on EAT technology by generating conductive areas as electrodes.


A custom‐made impedance analyzer was developed to identify the electrical characteristics of the switches. The deriving circuits were designed to operate the switches according to their impedance characteristics.


The switch working with glove and bare hand is novel.



Soleimani, M. (2008), "Knitted switches for smart clothing using double electrode technology", Sensor Review, Vol. 28 No. 3, pp. 229-232.



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Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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