Since the 1960s many alphanumeric to tactile data conversion methods have been investigated, mainly with the ultimate aim of assisting the blind. More recently, interest has been directed toward the display of pictures on haptically explorable surfaces – tactile imaging – for a range of medical, remote sensing and entertainment purposes. This paper examines the technologies which have been utilised for haptically explorable tactile displays over the past three decades, focussing on those which appear commercially viable in the immediate future.
Monkman, G.J., Egersdörfer, S., Meier, A., Böse, H., Baumann, M., Ermert, H., Kahled, W. and Freimuth, H. (2003), "Technologies for haptic displays in teleoperation", Industrial Robot, Vol. 30 No. 6, pp. 525-530. https://doi.org/10.1108/01439910310506792
MCB UP Ltd
Copyright © 2003, MCB UP Limited