Person‐organization value congruence, burnout and diversion of resources

Marc Siegall (Department of Management, California State University, Chico, USA)
Tracy McDonald (Department of Management, California State University, Chico, USA)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Publication date: 1 June 2004


One‐hundred‐thirty‐five university faculties participated in a survey‐based study of burnout. This study investigated the role of person‐organization value congruence on the experience of burnout. Also, the mediating role of burnout on the relationship between person‐organization value congruence and outcomes (in congruence with Maslach, Schaufel and Leiter's theory) was examined. As predicted by a coping/withdrawal framework, burnout was associated with less time spent on teaching, service/administrative tasks, and professional development activities. To a lesser extent, burnout was associated with spending more time on non‐work activities. Person‐organization value congruence was strongly associated with burnout. Value congruence had direct relationships with several of the outcome variables, and, consistent with the model, burnout partially or fully mediated the relationship between congruence and satisfaction, spending less time on teaching, and on professional development activities.



Siegall, M. and McDonald, T. (2004), "Person‐organization value congruence, burnout and diversion of resources", Personnel Review, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 291-301.

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