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Extraction, characterization and utilization of rice bran protein concentrate for biscuit making

Ritika B. Yadav (Department of Food Science & Technology, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, India)
Baljeet S. Yadav (Department of Food Science & Technology, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, India)
Deepu Chaudhary (Department of Food Science & Technology, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, India)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Article publication date: 6 September 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the utilization of the rice bran protein concentrate (RBPC) in biscuits to upgrade the nutritional quality.

Design/methodology/approach

Extraction of rice bran protein concentrate (RBPC) from defatted rice bran was standardized using alkali extraction method. Defatted rice bran and RBPC were analyzed for their proximate composition. RBPC was analyzed for its bulk density, foaming capacity (FC), emulsion activity (EA), and water and oil absorption capacity. RBPC was incorporated in biscuits at 5, 10 and 15 per cent levels. The biscuits were analyzed for their physicochemical, fracture strength (texture analyzer) and sensory attributes (nine‐point hedonic scale) to assess their acceptability.

Findings

The maximum yield of 13.2 per cent for RBPC was obtained at alkaline pH of 11, temperature of 60°C and extraction time of 60 minutes. The bulk density, foaming capacity, emulsifying ability, water and oil absorption capacity of RBPC were 0.4 g/ml, 11 per cent, 40 per cent, 2.9 ml/g and 2.3 ml/g respectively. The protein content of biscuits increased significantly from 7.3 per cent in control biscuits to 15.4 per cent in the 15 per cent RBPC supplemented biscuits with their fracture strength also significantly higher than the control biscuits (p<0.05). Replacement of refined wheat flour up to 10 per cent RBPC produced protein‐enriched biscuits with desirable overall acceptability.

Originality/value

Rice bran protein concentrate can be beneficially utilized to formulate protein enriched biscuits with enhanced nutritional value especially for malnourished or undernourished people.

Keywords

Citation

Yadav, R.B., Yadav, B.S. and Chaudhary, D. (2011), "Extraction, characterization and utilization of rice bran protein concentrate for biscuit making", British Food Journal, Vol. 113 No. 9, pp. 1173-1182. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070701111174596

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited