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Configuration design and optimisation study of a compound gyroplane

Ngoc Anh Vu (Aerospace Information Engineering Department, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea)
Young‐Jae Lee (Aerospace Information Engineering Department, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea)
Jae‐Woo Lee (Aerospace Information Engineering Department, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea)
Sangho Kim (Aerospace Information Engineering Department, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea)
In Jae Chung (Agency for Defense Development, Dae Jeon, South Korea)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 18 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the conceptual design and optimisation of a compound gyroplane. A study of a compound gyroplane configuration and its characteristics was performed to develop a sizing program.

Design/methodology/approach

The vertical takeoff and landing capabilities of a helicopter are particularly important. The need for efficient hover and the effectiveness of forward flight in the helicopter can cause conflicts within the design process. The designers usually wish to increase the helicopter's maximum forward speed. Recently, the compound aircraft is one of the concepts considered for the purpose of expanding the flight envelope of rotorcraft. The study of the compound gyroplane showed its advance capabilities for this purpose. Understanding its characteristics, a number of calculations are conducted to implement a sizing program for compound gyroplanes based on the conventional helicopter sizing process.

Findings

The results of the sizing program were validated using existing aircraft data such as the Challis Heliplane, Carter Copter, FB‐1 Gyrodyne, and Jet Gyrodyne. The program is appropriate to size a compound gyroplane at the conceptual design phase. An optimisation study was also performed to enhance sizing results. The compromise between the rotor lift sharing factor and the ratio of the wing span (Bw) to rotor diameter (D) was solved by choosing the total gross weight (TOGW) as the objective function, while the design variables are compromising factors. The optimum results showed that the TOGW of all four kinds of compound gyroplanes was considerably reduced.

Originality/value

A conceptual sizing program for unconventional compound aircraft was developed. The study showed that an optimum design process is necessary to enhance the sizing results.

Keywords

Citation

Anh Vu, N., Lee, Y., Lee, J., Kim, S. and Jae Chung, I. (2011), "Configuration design and optimisation study of a compound gyroplane", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 83 No. 6, pp. 420-428. https://doi.org/10.1108/00022661111173298

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited