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Open Access
Article
Publication date: 19 July 2021

Erika Johansson, Emil Rapo and Ingeborg Nilsson

The spread and level of loneliness is today considered a public health issue. Attempts to promote or reduce the level of loneliness have been made, one of which is social…

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Abstract

Purpose

The spread and level of loneliness is today considered a public health issue. Attempts to promote or reduce the level of loneliness have been made, one of which is social prescribing (SP), developed and extensively used. Complex interventions such as SP are advised to be connected to theory.

Design/methodology/approach

For this purpose, the Person-Environment-Occupation-Participation model (PEOP) will be reviewed and used as an example, both as a way of organize occupational knowledge and as a model for practice.

Findings

Occupational therapy underpinned by transactional system theory such as the PEOP model seems to give comprehensive and relevant support in the SP process. Particularly, this model can guide practitioners through crucial phases when assessing needs, matching interests and goals with relevant occupations, as well as understanding of important components embedded in the program.

Originality/value

This opinion piece offers insights in why and how specific components connected to SP needs to be understood by theory and applied by personnel to facilitate a meaningful and sustainable occupational performance for the individuals.

Details

Irish Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-8819

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 April 2007

Hao Ding and Ingeborg Sølvberg

The purpose of this research is to describe a system to support querying across distributed digital libraries created in heterogeneous metadata schemas, without requiring the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to describe a system to support querying across distributed digital libraries created in heterogeneous metadata schemas, without requiring the availability of a global schema.

Design/methodology/approach

The advantages and weaknesses of ontology based applications were investigated and have justified the utility of inferential rules in expressing complex relations between metadata terms in different metadata schemas. A process for combining ontologies and rules for specifying complex relations between metadata schemas were designed. The process was collapsed into a set of working phases and provides examples to illustrate how to interrelate two similar bibliographic ontology fragments for further query reformulation.

Findings

Equipping ontologies with inferencing power can help describe more complex relations between metadata terms. This approach is critical for properly interpreting queries from one ontology to another.

Research limitations/implications

A prototype system was built based on examples instead of practical experience.

Practical implications

The approach assumes that relations between metadata sets, or ontologies in the approach, are provided by domain experts with/without ontology tools.

Originality/value

A new approach has been proposed for facilitating heterogeneous metadata interoperation in digital libraries as a way of empowering ontologies with rich reasoning capabilities. The traditional approach assumes a global schema controlled by a central or virtual server to provide mapping between local and external metadata schemas. A more flexible and dynamic environment was studied, i.e. P2P‐based digital libraries, where peers may join and leave freely.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1981

NETWORKS Nordic packet switched network. The Nordic PTTs have established a packet‐switching service with nodes in Stockholm (Databas 300/1200) and Oslo (Norpak). Multiplexors in…

Abstract

NETWORKS Nordic packet switched network. The Nordic PTTs have established a packet‐switching service with nodes in Stockholm (Databas 300/1200) and Oslo (Norpak). Multiplexors in Copenhagen and Helsinki are connected to Databas 300/1200 and connections are also possible to North America using the Swedish node. The previous SCANNET node computers now function as front‐end processors. Authorization to use SCANNET is given by the various Scandinavian PTTs and a new logon procedure is employed. The tariffs are composed of four parts — an initial charge for new users; a quarterly charge; a connection per minute charge; and a charge for the transmission of 10 segments.

Details

Online Review, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-314X

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