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Article
Publication date: 25 September 2009

May Y. Choi and Garnette R. Sutherland

The purpose of this paper is to determine the effect of video game and surgical experience on the ability to adapt to and use the neuroArm virtual reality (VR) simulator.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the effect of video game and surgical experience on the ability to adapt to and use the neuroArm virtual reality (VR) simulator.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 48 participants, comprising video gamers, medical students, surgical residents, and qualified surgeons, were recruited. Subjects played three video games and completed a questionnaire. Three pre‐determined tasks simulating surgical procedures were performed using the simulator. Performance was measured by time for task completion, number of errors, and quality of outcome.

Findings

Gamers outperformed other groups on all measures of performance at almost every task on the VR simulator. All groups showed interval improvement in performance. As age of participants increased, irrespective of their sex and group, their quality of performance decreased and time to complete tasks increased. Initially, the men outperformed the women at every task, however, the difference decreased with repetition.

Research limitations/implications

More participants are needed to increase statistical significance of the results, in particular female participants.

Practical implications

This study showed that gamers adapted rapidly to the neuroArm trainer, which could be attributed to enhanced visual attention and spatial distribution skills from video game play. Therefore, visuospatial skills may become strong elements in the selection criterion for future generations of surgical trainees.

Originality/value

This study evaluated performance on the neuroArm trainer for the first time. The results provide insight into the design of a training program that helps select and prepare future surgeons for robotic surgery.

Details

On the Horizon, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1074-8121

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 May 2011

Robert Bogue

This paper aims to review of the use of robots in two healthcare applications: surgery and prosthetics.

3377

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to review of the use of robots in two healthcare applications: surgery and prosthetics.

Design/methodology/approach

Following a brief introduction, this paper first considers robotic surgery and discusses a selection of commercial products, applications and recent technological advances. It then considers recent developments in robotic prosthetics.

Findings

It is shown that surgical robots are being employed in an ever‐growing range of clinical procedures. Systems employing tactile feedback are under development. Improved robotic prosthetics are the topic of a major research effort and recent developments include hands and grippers, walking aids and novel control techniques, including thought‐activated systems which exploit advances in brain‐computer interface technology.

Originality/value

This paper provides details of recent developments and applications of robotic surgery and prosthetics.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 38 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 October 2008

Brian H. Rudall and C.J.H. Mann

This paper aims to review current advances in the production of systems which will enhance research and development potential.

328

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to review current advances in the production of systems which will enhance research and development potential.

Design/methodology/approach

A general review and survey of selected innovative systems for research and development.

Findings

Illustrates the multi‐ and trans‐disciplinary nature of studies in cybernetics, systems and management science with a view to further research and development.

Practical implications

The choice of reviews provides an awareness of the current trends in these endeavours.

Originality/value

The reviews are selected from a global database and give a studied assessment of current research and development initiatives.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 37 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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