Much progress has been made in the field of corrosion technology in the last few years and many new corrosion‐resisting materials have been developed, including improved types of plastics and metals such as zirconium, titanium and tantalum. Plastics are finding extensive use as lining materials for chemical plant operating at moderate temperatures, but the poor thermal conductivity of most plastics makes them unsuitable for the transfer of heat. The recently developed metals and their alloys are extremely expensive to produce and fabricate and, so far, their use has been confined to certain specialised applications, although full‐scale production of zirconium is being carried out in America, mainly because of the low capacity of the metal for absorbing thermal neutrons. At the moment, however, these metals, because of their high cost, cannot compete commercially on a large scale with the older well‐established corrosion‐resisting alloys such as the high‐silicon iron alloys. The excellent corrosion resistance of the high‐silicon iron alloys, even at high temperatures, and their high thermal conductivity have established them as almost standard alloys for acid concentration and cooling plant construction. The following article outlines their composition and properties.
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