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Commercial Banking Structure, Regulation, and Performance: An International Comparison

James R. Barth (Lowder Eminent Scholar in Finance, Auburn University Auburn, Alabama)
Daniel E. Nolle (Senior Financial Economist, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Washington)
Tara N. Rice (Research Assistant, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Washington)

Managerial Finance

ISSN: 0307-4358

Article publication date: 1 November 1997

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the structure, regulation, and performance of banks in the EU and G‐10 countries. This enables one to identify any significant differences in the structure of banking in the nineteen separate countries comprising these two groups. The regulatory, supervisory, and deposit‐insurance environment in which banks operate in each of these countries is also compared and contrasted. This enables one to identify any significant differences in the regulatory environment that may help explain the structure of banking in the various countries. Beyond this, the effect of the overall structural and regulatory environment on individual bank performance is investigated in order to evaluate the appropriateness of existing regulations in individual countries and any proposals for reforming them. Hence, an exploratory empirical analysis based upon a sample of banks in the different countries is conducted to assess the effect of the different “regulatory regimes” on the performance of individual banks, controlling for various bank‐specific and country‐specific factors that may also affect bank performance. In this way, the paper attempts to contribute to an assessment of the appropriate balance between market and regulatory discipline to ensure that banks have sufficient opportunities to compete prudently and profitability in a competitive and global financial marketplace. In the process of conducting such an assessment, the paper necessarily provides information as to whether the U.S. is “out‐of‐step” with banking developments in other industrial countries.

Citation

Barth, J.R., Nolle, D.E. and Rice, T.N. (1997), "Commercial Banking Structure, Regulation, and Performance: An International Comparison", Managerial Finance, Vol. 23 No. 11, pp. 1-39. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb018653

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 1997, MCB UP Limited

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