In essence, the shipper is faced with three distinct transport systems. Conventional surface travel, which is road and rail and water, is common to all parts of the world and it can be safely engaged and organised as a simple cost estimation related to packaging and vehicles. Air freight is limited to routes and the costing must include any economy from lower stocks abroad and quicker delivery. Containerisation, although it can be included in conventional surface or air travel, has sufficient peculiarity for it to be given special treatment.
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