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Personal care and practical support at home: a systematic review of older people’s views and experiences

Irene Kwan (Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre), Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK)
Deborah Rutter (Social Care Institute for Excellence, London, UK)
Beth Anderson (Social Care Institute for Excellence, London, UK)
Claire Stansfield (EPPI-Centre, Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK)

Working with Older People

ISSN: 1366-3666

Article publication date: 3 May 2019

Issue publication date: 23 May 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

Considering the views of service users is important to identify their needs as this helps providers to develop appropriate and responsive services. For older people receiving home care, recognising their needs is the first step towards supporting them to maintain independence and promote wellbeing. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic review was conducted in 2014 to explore the personal experiences of older people in England about the care and support they received at home. Studies published between 2004 and 2013 were identified from bibliographic databases and websites. A total of 17 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. Data were extracted using a standardised coding tool and narratively synthesised. Study quality was evaluated.

Findings

Nine themes were identified. Older people valued an approach that was person centred, flexible and proactive to respond to their changing needs and priorities, focusing on what they can or would like to do to maintain their independence. Allowing time to build trust between older people and their care workers helped to realise older peoples’ aspirations and goals. Practical help to promote choice and reduce social isolation was perceived to be as important as personal care.

Practical implications

Evidence from this review contributed to the development of a social care guideline on home care, and informed key practice recommendations for care providers in England.

Originality/value

This review highlighted the value older people place in person-centred care incorporating practical help both inside and outside the realm of personal care.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The guideline referred to in this paper was produced for National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) by the NICE Collaborating Centre for Social Care. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and not necessarily those of NICE.

The authors gratefully acknowledge and thank Ted Barker and Jane Greenwood for their editorial support and Dr Kristin Liabo for her quality assurance of the coding tools and the review process. The authors also thank Dr Mark Newman and Dr Quan Nha Hong for their comments on the final draft.

Citation

Kwan, I., Rutter, D., Anderson, B. and Stansfield, C. (2019), "Personal care and practical support at home: a systematic review of older people’s views and experiences", Working with Older People, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 87-106. https://doi.org/10.1108/WWOP-01-2019-0002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited