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‘Clean energy for all’: the implementation of Scaling Solar in Zambia

Susann Stritzke (School of Geography and the Environment, Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK)

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5945

Article publication date: 24 May 2018

Issue publication date: 1 July 2018




The purpose of this paper is to review critical success factors (CSFs) for the implementation of the Scaling Solar Programme in Zambia, the first solar public-private partnership (PPP) in the country.


The single case study is based on stakeholder interviews and the evaluation of primary and secondary sources of data. As a first step, the study illustrates the implementation of Scaling Solar in Zambia and links it to the formal PPP framework of the country. The second step compares central CSFs for PPPs identified by previous research with the current framework of the programme. Furthermore, it analyses whether these CSFs have affected the PPP project implementation in Zambia. Based on these findings the question discussed will be which CSFs can be identified that impacted the implementation of the programme in a third step.


The case study found that the design of the Scaling Solar Programme largely mitigated the main financial and political risks identified in previous studies with regard to the uptake of energy infrastructure processes in developing countries. It reveals that government stakeholder alignment and institutional capacity are the central CSFs which impact the roll-out of the programme in Zambia.


The study suggests that a pre-implementation phase of a complex PPP project should comprise government stakeholder alignment which can be based on approaches to Relationship Management Theory. By suggesting a stakeholder management approach, the study indicates how a PPP framework, with a redefined role of a horizontally integrated, independent Public-Private Partnership Unit, can support this approach.



Stritzke, S. (2018), "‘Clean energy for all’: the implementation of Scaling Solar in Zambia", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 214-225.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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