This paper aims to discuss the determinants of food security in Kassala state using the measurement of Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). We use the measurement of HFIAS and use new primary data from a food security household survey in Kassala state (2019).
This paper focuses on the determinants of food security in Kassala state using the measurement of Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), using new primary data from a food security household survey in Kassala state (2019) and using the multinomial logistic regression analysis and both ordered logit and ordered probit regression to examine the determinants of food security.
Our results are in support of our hypothesis that the significant determinants of household food insecurity are family-owned production (that negatively affects the probabilities of household being food insecure), household income (that negatively affects HFIAS). We observe that the effects of family-owned production on household food insecurity are particularly significant in the case of mildly and moderately food insecurity. We explain that the other factors that affect the household food insecurity include improvement in the level of agricultural services, marketing, banking services and road characteristics that reduce HFIAS. We find a gender gap related to food security in the sense that male-headed households produce more food compared to female-headed households and also families headed by males are more likely food secure. Therefore, the major policy implication from our results is the importance of increasing households income and enhancing family own production of food to eliminate food insecurity.
This paper provides a significant contribution to the Sudanese and international literature because it discusses the determinants of food security in Kassala state. Different from the two other accompanying papers that focused on the incidence of food security in Kassala state using the measurement of Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and the determinants of production of food and consumption of food in Kassala state, this paper focuses on the determinants of food security in Kassala state using the measurement of HFIAS and using new primary data from a food security household survey in Kassala state (2019). We fill the gap in the Sudanese literature because we provide a more interesting analysis of the determinants of food security in Kassala state. Our analysis is useful from policy perspective since we provide useful policy recommendations to enhance food security through agricultural development in Kassala state.
This paper is based on a research project conducted in the context of ‘Assisting Regional Universities in Sudan (ARUS)’ Research Project Cluster ‘Agriculture and Food Security’. The research project is fully supported by a research grant from ARUS. The ARUS programme is supported and funded by the Norwegian Embassy in Sudan, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) Bergen, and the University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. This paper is one of three papers based on the findings in a CMI Sudan working paper (2020) “Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State” Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), CMI Sudan Working Paper Number 1 (CMI SWP 2020:1), Bergen, Norway, July 2020. The researchers conducting the study are part of the Agriculture and Food Security cluster in the Assisting Regional Universities in Sudan (ARUS) programme. The authors would like to thank the management and coordinators of ARUS (Prof. Liv Tønnessen (CMI, Bergen, Norway), and Prof. Abdel Gaffar Ahmed, (University of Khartoum, Sudan)) for excellent research support. We would like to gratefully thank Dr. Magnus Hatlebakk (CMI, Bergen, Norway) and Dr. Espen Villanger (CMI, Bergen, Norway) for excellent comments and research support that significantly contributed to the first draft of this research paper. We would like to thank the participants at the ARUS workshops for good comments. The authors would like to gratefully thank Prof. Allam Ahmed, (editor of the WJSTSD) and two an anonymous referees for good comments. All the usual disclaimers apply. The views, analysis and policy recommendations in this brief are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of ARUS and CMI.
Mohamed Nour, S.S.O. and Abdalla, E.M. (2021), "The determinants of food security in Sudan: the case of Kassala state", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 285-302. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2020-0084
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